Situation on: 03rd August 2015

GENERAL SITUATION:

Cyclone KOMEN CHT 1A slow-moving monsoon depression unleashed lethal amounts of rain in South Asia earlier last week of July 2015 prior to forming into a tropical cyclone over the northern Bay of Bengal Wednesday 22nd July. The Cyclone storm named Komen reached tropical storm strength and moved inland Thursday 23rd July. The remnant area of low pressure classified as a depression was centered near in the border of Bangladesh as of Saturday 25th July 2015. It has further drenched the region which is already reeling from flooding and mudslides that have claimed dozens of lives. The Cyclone ‘Komen’ attacked Sandwip and coastal area in Chittagong on 31st July 2015 early morning. Cyclone KOMEN CHT 2

Even for a region where average July rainfall exceeds 600 millimetres (2 feet), the rains have been exceptional. The coastal city of Chittagong reported more than 800 millimetres (32 inches) of rain in just a three day period July 24 through 26, 2015.

Rainfall Reports, Chittagong (10 Day total, July 24- Aug 02, 2015)

Area Rainfall in Millimetre Rainfall in Inch
Chittagong 1212.4 mm 47.73 Inches
Teknaf 1197.4 mm 47.14 Inches
Kutubdia 1087 mm 42.80 Inches
Cox’s Bazar 1052 mm 41.42 Inches
Sandwip 798.8 mm 31.45 Inches
Sitakunda 701.9 mm 27.63 Inches
Data Source: The Weather Channel, weather.com

Much of South-eastern Bangladesh has seen repeated heavy rainfall on a daily basis over the past week. The results have been deadly.

River reports on 04 points

District River Point of observation Above danger level
Bandarban Sangu Bandarban +35 cm
Cox’s Bazar Matamuhuri Lama +83 cm
Cox’s Bazar Matamuhuri Chring +136 cm
Chittagong Sangu Dohazari +76 cm
Data Source: National Disaster Response Co-ordination Centre, Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka.

Area reports of causalities

  1. Chittagong:Due to cyclone Komen in Banskhali sub-district 110,000 people under 11 unions are affected. 420 houses destroyed partially and 220 houses destroyed fully. In Anowara sub district 26,600 people are affected in 11 unions. 1,355 houses destroyed partially and 285 houses destroyed fully. In Sandwip sub-district under 16 unions 9,750 people are affected. 15 houses destroyed fully. Due to heavy tide a damn is collapsed and 6 villages of 1 union in Sitakunda sub-district is flooded and 400 families are affected.
  2. Cox’s Bazar:In Moheskhali sub-district 1 child aged 5 years died by house collapsing, 2 died by boat capsized in rough seas. In Saint Martin 1 killed when a tree fall on him. In Ukhia sub-district 4 are missing by boat capsized. 259,700 people of 51,940 families of 8 sub-districts under Cox’s Bazar district are moved to Cyclone Shelter due to Komen.
  3. Bandarban:6 died and 5 injured of 5 families in Lama Union under Lama Sub-district when walls of houses collapsed on them.
  4. Bhola:1 died when a tree fall on him in Lalmohan sub-district under Bhola district.
  5. Patuakhali:1 died by boat capsized in rough seas in Patuakhali.
  6. Luxmipur:On the way to Bhola from Ramgoti a fishing trawler capsized due to rough weather in the river.
Data Source: National Disaster Response Co-ordination Centre, Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka.

SITUATION IN DIOCESAN TERRITORY:

Chittagong City Area: Low lying areas in Chittagong city is being flooded since 28th July 2015. Due to tide, water is overflowing in Karnaphuli River and canals. As a result some areas of the city, e.g. Jalilganj, Brickfield Road, Ashraf Ali Road, Iqbal Road, Chandgaon went under 2-3 feet of water. About 150 households in the city are flooded and belongings of city people are being destroyed due to tidal water. Some houses in Chandgaon and Sitakunda areas fully collapsed and some are partially affected due to tidal water and cyclone, the number is about 50. Water borne diseases are worsening the situation. People living in the areas are mainly poor and live hand to mouth. The cyclone accompanied with heavy rain and tidal flood created job crisis to them. They are in urgent need of some food and medical support and house repair assistance.

Barisal Area: About 150 poor families are water logged in Barisal area due to recent flood. Cyclone Komen also destroyed 35 houses in the region. Affected people are badly in need of food, medical and house repair support.

Noakhali Area: In Noakhali 50 families are water logged, 10 houses are destroyed. Scarcity of daily job is observed and water borne diseases are in alarming situation. Food, medical and house repair support is very much needed.

Chittagong Hill Tracts Area: In these districts we have 7 mission centres with boarding schools and health care centres. In most cases these boarding schools, health centres and houses went under flood water. Wooden bridges and internal pathways are washed away. Kitchen, food stocks, firewood houses went under water resulting a great damage to our food stocks for boarding school students. All the ring wells have been flooded which caused scarcity of drinking water. Market price hiked due to limited supply of raw foods as the road communications are destroyed. People are suffering from water borne diseases especially diarrhoea and typhoid. Due to landslides, our poor indigenous people lost their cultivation and gardens, especially, banana trees and other fruit-trees. In many families, this little cultivation was the only means to provide the educational supports to their children who are in the boarding schools. Now the parents are in problem to pay their share for their children who are studying from our boarding schools. The indigenous people of this mountainous area build their houses out of bamboo, straw and mud. Due to this heavy rain water and strong current in the rivers, these mud houses collapsed and people became homeless. In CHT area about 1200 people are affected by Komen and flood, 250 houses are destroyed.

Some of our infra structures are also in risk due to land erosion caused by heavy rain and flood water.

Rangamati: A good portion of the land under Rangamati mission centre is washed away to the nearby lake which drove the building in risk of collapsing. Already major cracks are visible in some parts. To protect this valuable property, a guide wall in between of the lake and mission centre building to be constructed immediately to stop the land erosion.

Thanchi: Mission Centre in Thanchi, multipurpose training hall are also in risk due to land erosion caused by heavy rain fall and current of increased water of canals. Especially the training hall needs immediate attention to protect collapsing. To protect the mission centre building a 30 feet long guide wall is needed, a 50 feet long damn is to be constructed to protect the multipurpose training hall, a 500 feet concrete drain is needed to control the hilly water flow to the canal which is presently causing land erosion of Boarding School building.

Alikadam: Hilly water flow created a cave from surrounding hill to the canal which went through beneath the mission centre in Alikadam. The diameter of the cave is increasing day by day which brought the building and field in front in major risk of land sliding and collapsing. To protect the mission centre building and field in front, a guide wall is to be constructed immediately.

Khagrachori: The boundary wall in Khagrachori mission centre is in danger due to land erosion. Earth piling is necessary to protect the wall. Komen damaged the mission centre building and its kitchen partially. Renovation works to be done to bring it back in normal position.

Bandarban: Three caves are created by hilly water to river Sangu passing beneath the Bandarban multipurpose training hall which left the structure in risk of collapsing. Construction of a 100 feet long guide wall in between of the training hall and river Sangu is very much necessary.

Lama: A cave is also created beneath the mission center in Lama due to heavy current of water flow from backside hills to nearby canal. Newly built mission center building is now in risk of collapsing. Construction of a guide wall is very much urgent in this grief situation.

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